Analogy and similarity


Analogy and similarity is where there exist a certain commonality in a various items. One   need to identify the relation and establish proper relationship among the given items. The two basic traits required to answer these questions are :

  • Identification of similar feature, condition or state shared by the two items / things.
  • Reasoning based on the similarity between two things and concluding the correct answer based on that logic / reason. Money : Teacher   

Some of the examples are :-

Example 1  : – Which pair of words in the alternatives share the same relation as the pair of   words   Pipe : Plumber

(a) Money : Teacher $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$Furniture : Carpenter $\\$(c) Painting : Postman$\qquad\qquad\qquad\quad(d)$None of these.

Answer : (b)  As plumber fixes pipes and carpenter makes the furniture.

Example 2 :- Chose the suitable pair of words that share the similar relation between them as that of  Abundance : Scarcity

(a) Discount : Rebate $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$ Onlooker : Spectator$\\$(c)Fresh  :  Rancidity $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(d)$Book : Pages

Answer : (c) Abundance and Scarcity are opposite words similar to fresh and Rancidity.

Example 3 :- In the question if the two terms to the left of :: bears the same relationship as the two terms to the right , find the missing term $\\$ $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad$RAM : UDP :: MAP : ?

(a) PDS$\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$QJO $\qquad\qquad\qquad(c)$ADQ $\qquad\qquad\qquad(d)$LXZ

Answer : (a)   R  to U (+2) , A  to D (+2) , M  to P (+2) 

     Similarly    M  to P (+2), A  to D (+2) , P  to S (+2)

Example 4 :- AEROPLANE is related to CAPTIAN in the same way as NEWSPAPER is related to

(a) READER $\qquad(b)$PUBLISHER $\qquad(c)$PRINTER $\qquad(d)$EDITOR.

Answer : (d) As Captain controls the Aeroplane activities similarly Editor supervise everything related to newspaper.

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