ANALOGY AND SIMILARITY
Analogy and similarity is where there exist a certain commonality in a various items. One need to identify the relation and establish proper relationship among the given items. The two basic traits required to answer these questions are :
- Identification of similar feature, condition or state shared by the two items / things.
- Reasoning based on the similarity between two things and concluding the correct answer based on that logic / reason. Money : Teacher
Some of the examples are :-
Example 1 : – Which pair of words in the alternatives share the same relation as the pair of words Pipe : Plumber
(a) Money : Teacher $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$Furniture : Carpenter $\\$(c) Painting : Postman$\qquad\qquad\qquad\quad(d)$None of these.
Answer : (b) As plumber fixes pipes and carpenter makes the furniture.
Example 2 :- Chose the suitable pair of words that share the similar relation between them as that of Abundance : Scarcity
(a) Discount : Rebate $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$ Onlooker : Spectator$\\$(c)Fresh : Rancidity $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad(d)$Book : Pages
Answer : (c) Abundance and Scarcity are opposite words similar to fresh and Rancidity.
Example 3 :- In the question if the two terms to the left of :: bears the same relationship as the two terms to the right , find the missing term $\\$ $\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad$RAM : UDP :: MAP : ?
(a) PDS$\qquad\qquad\qquad(b)$QJO $\qquad\qquad\qquad(c)$ADQ $\qquad\qquad\qquad(d)$LXZ
Answer : (a) R to U (+2) , A to D (+2) , M to P (+2)
Similarly M to P (+2), A to D (+2) , P to S (+2)
Example 4 :- AEROPLANE is related to CAPTIAN in the same way as NEWSPAPER is related to
(a) READER $\qquad(b)$PUBLISHER $\qquad(c)$PRINTER $\qquad(d)$EDITOR.
Answer : (d) As Captain controls the Aeroplane activities similarly Editor supervise everything related to newspaper.